1. Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr. (Liberal Party) would have assumed office as the 7th President of the Philippine Republic in January 1973.
2. The two-party system would probably still be in place today and both the Nationalista and Liberal Parties would probably still be around as the dominant political parties.
3. The 1935 Constitution, along with its imperfections, would still be in place.
4. As a result of #4, the number of justices in the Philippine Supreme Court would have remained at 9 instead of the current 15.
5. The country would have incurred a lot less foreign debt and thus, a bigger portion of the government's budget would have been available for projects that would have benefited the people.
6. Metro Manila, as a political entity, would not exist. Thus, we would not have an MMDA and would have no need for a Bayani Fernando to lord it over Metro Manila.
7. The country would have been a lot more progressive because private industry would have grown without a lot of intervention from the government.
8. The Philippine Military would have remained as the professional and well-trained force that it was. It would have probably remained better armed too.
9. The Muslim and NPA rebellions would not have grown to become the huge problems they became under Marcos. A democratic and pluralistic society would have kept a lot of those guys legally engaged in the political arena.
10. The Philippine National Police in its current form would not exist. Police control would still have remained under the city and town mayors. The Philippine Constabulary would have remained in existence as well.
11. Cory Aquino would not have become President.
12. Juan Ponce Enrile would not have become a Senator and would not have been in a position to encourage military adventurism among misguided elements in the Philippine military. His long stint as Secretary of Defense under the Marcos Dictatorship enabled him to establish his own band of loyal followers within the military.
13. The Department of Tourism would not exist as a cabinet-level department.
14. The country would have been a lot wealthier than it is now and probably a lot more peaceful.
15. The Catholic Church would not have become as powerful and influential a player in politics as it is today. The two-party system would have prevented such rise to power.
16. A lot less Filipinos would have seen the need to leave their families to work overseas for the economy would have been more vibrant and market-oriented.
17. The likes of Edgar Jopson, Evelio Javier, and thousands of other Martial Law victims would still be around today.
Those are just some of my thoughts. What are yours?